Uncontrolled logging


  • Species with no economic value disappear and with them many more species that depend on them.
  • Forestry operations cut trees at the age of 100 years or even younger, which for most species is still their youth. Only old trees assume ecological importance as living space for many other species.
  • Spruce monocultures are more susceptible to harm; instability of the ecosystem and the need to spray pesticides follow shortly.
  • With the removal of dead trees, insects and fungi lose their livelihood and woodpeckers suffer as a consequence.
  • An increasing number of forest roads open remote areas for human development and activities.