The biological baseline survey conducted by Foundation Conservation Carpathia in Leaota Mountain, is almost completed. The preliminary reports reveled the presence of a very high number of protected species, both on a national and a European level.
Their number and diversity in Leota area is surprisingly higher compared with the neighboring protected areas such as Piatra Craiului National Park.
In this moment, only a small part of Leaota is included in the Natura 2000 network. However, the overall area holds many important Natura 2000 elements, which should be protected according to Romanian and European laws.
Until now, there were recorded 3 higher plant species, 7 insect species, 2 amphibian species, 1 fish species, 7 mammal species and 22 habitats types (forests, meadows, shrubs, rivers, wet areas) included in Annexes 1 and 2 of the EU Habitats Directive.
Among the almost 100 bird species of Leaota, 17 are included in Annex 1 of the EU Birds Directive.