This is a complex question with a complex answer, but given the characteristic of a spruce forest, the answer can be simplified. In a spruce monoculture, which is a man-planted forest usually following clear cutting, life is boring and monotone. Plant diversity is low, consequently fauna diversity is low as well in this artificial environment.Read more

Wildlife in August

July and August are a quiet time in the forests of Leaota, the birds have raised their young and there is no need to establish territories or to attract females, so there are only a few birds singing in the old spruce, beech or alder forests. Now there might be the occasional growling of aRead more