In Leaota Mountains and its surrounding forest, wolves (Canis lupus) are common just as bears and lynx are. The wolf is the top carnivore for central European conditions and has a regulating impact upon prey species, and plays an important role in shaping the structure and function of terrestrial ecosystems.
Wolves are highly adaptive and behaviourally flexible carnivores that have evolved to hunt prey widely ranging in size, although commonly they are hunters of large ungulates. Their foraging strategy is complex and includes both scavenging and predation.
FCC’s wildlife team is studying the wolf population of Leaota Mountain using analysis of genetic samples and camera traps. Genetic analysis is useful in identifying the individual ID assignments, in determining the pedigrees and identifying individual wolf families and packs within the area. Compared with genetic analysis method, camera traps provide real-life information about the wolf itself or the pack. Installed in the forest along trails, the cameras record images of all wildlife, which uses these particular trails.